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Black Power and Racial Violence - Night Call
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Length: 58:59 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; H. Rap Brown, (Guest)
H. Rap Brown as born Hubert G. Brown in 1943. In 1968, he was a field worker for the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee. At the time of this program, Brown had recently been released after spending 2 months in a New Orleans prison. Brown spoke of the revolutionary struggle of Black people in the U.S., saying the Black population is oppressed by systems run by the White leadership.He says a Black person is either free or is a slave. He blames rebellions in U.S. cities on conditions supported by President Lyndon Johnson. Callers ask if Black people are also racist, whether Brown is doing a disservice to Black people, why the violence was happening in the cities, how to justify the riots, what direction should Black people go politically, how Black people can gain control over their own lives, why Black people want rights without working for them, if Black and White people can live peacefully together, and whether Civil Rights legislation has helped his cause.
Topics: Civil rights; Civil unrest; Race relations; Radio program
ID: NC0034

What Happened to the Kerner Report? - Night Call
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Length: 58:59 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; John Lindsay, (Guest)
The National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders was known as the Kerner Commission, named after its chair, Governor Otto Kerner, Jr. of Illinois. New York Mayor John Lindsay (1921-2000) was vice-chair of the 11-member commission established by President Lyndon B. Johnson to investigate the causes of the 1967 race riots in the United States and to provide recommendations for the future. The commission found racism among White Americans was a major factor in driving the riots. Lindsay had been awake for 48 hours working to resolve a hospital worker strike, but still showed up for this program. He said young Black Americans were understandably angry at the racism and limited opportunities in the U.S. Callers asked about future riots, White racism, support (or not) of the report from major politicians, ways to alleviate racial unrest, interracial marriage, busing, and the costs of the Kerner Report proposals. The original report can be seen at:
Topics: Civil rights; Civil unrest; Politics; Racism; Radio program
ID: NC0036

The South, Race, and Tomorrow - Night Call
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Length: 57:43 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Ralph McGill, (Guest)
This conversation comes after the release of Kerner Report, which focused on causes of race riots. Ralph Emerson McGill (1898-1969) was an American journalist, best known as an anti-segregationist editor and publisher of the Atlanta Constitution newspaper. He won a Pulitzer Prize for editorial writing in 1959. As publisher (1960-1969,) he continued to write columns in which he called for Whites to accept the inevitable changes being brought by the civil rights movement. Callers asked about the effects and value of the riots, failure to note Black colleges in the Atlanta area, media coverage of civil disorder in the North and the South, lack of jobs for Black college graduates, how to speed-up integration, and whether the church has failed to support integration.
Topics: Civil unrest; Racism; Radio program; Riots
ID: NC0039

No Riots Allowed - Night Call
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Length: 57:55 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Winton Blount, (Guest)
In 1968, Winton Blount, Jr. (1921-2002) was president of the U.S. Chamber of Conference. In a speech earlier in the year, he told the National Press Club that mob action cannot be a political instrument for social change. With callers, he discussed White flight from the cities, urbanization as a possible cause for riots, that improvement may come about by education and initiative, whether Blount could understand the Black experience, whether riots have actually helped produce social change, and whether a move can be made toward better ways. Blount said the business community was helping by creating jobs. Blount was CEO of Blount International, a major construction company, and served as U.S. Postmaster General from 1969-1972.
Topics: Civil rights; Civil unrest; Radio programs
ID: NC0047

Your Policemen: The Most Visible Minority - Night Call
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Length: 59:07 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; John Harrington, (Guest)
John Harrington (1914-89), the president of the Fraternal Order of Police, was on the phone from a national meeting of the F.O.P. Harrington served as president of the national organization from 1965-1975. The focus of the program is the animosity toward the police in the urban communities in the U.S. A current question in the country was whether looters should be shot; Harrington says they should. Harrington credits poor parenting as a major cause of crime in the U.S. He feels politicians don't back the police strongly enough for them to do their job properly. Callers were both supportive and critical of the police. Harrington's obituary states, "... both friends and foes said he always shot from the lip."
Topics: Civil unrest; Police relations; Radio programs; Urban problems
ID: NC0061

Why Was it a "Cool" Summer? (in New York City) - Night Call
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Length: 60:03 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Willie Smith, (Guest)
The Rev. Willie Smith was director of the Neighborhood Youth Corps in New York City. The 30-year-old graduate of Union Theological Seminary had led a protest of 1,500 teenagers in front of City Hall in June because funds for youth jobs in the city had been cut by $2 million and there were fewer jobs available for youth. At the protest, some of the youth rioted; nine were injured and nine arrested. Smith was suspended for a week, then re-instated, and the city added $3 million to the program, allowing for 10,000 more summer youth jobs. The remainder of the summer in New York City enjoyed less racial violence than anticipated. Discussions in the program focused on anti-poverty and empowerment efforts.
Topics: Civil unrest; Radio programs; Social programs; Youth unemployment
ID: NC0074

What Sort of Law to Maintain What Sort of Order? - Night Call
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Length: 59:10 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Tom Hayden, (Guest)
Thomas Emmet Hayden (1939-2016) was an American social and political activist, author, and politician. At the time of this interview, he was co-founder of the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS). He was later director of the Peace and Justice Resource Center in Los Angeles County, California. He is known as an anti-war, civil rights, and radical intellectual counterculture activist -- and as former husband of actress Jane Fonda. He led some of the big demonstrations at the 1968 Democratic Convention in 1968. Subjects of this program include the Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) on campus, the Selective Service draft system, grounds for being a conscientious objector, ways in which the country decides to go to war, and the Columbia University student strike. Hayden says student activists have to resort to public demonstrations in order for people to hear their concerns and issues. He says universities are involved in education students to be part of the system, while the schools are involved in developing war-related technology. His thought on Law and Order is that it is not good if it is simply code language for preventing social change. Hayden served in the California Senate from 1992-2000.
Topics: Civil disobedience; Civil unrest; Law and order; Policing; Radio programs
ID: NC0125