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Politics and the Black Man (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-06-18
Length: 58:59 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Julian Bond, (Guest)
Julian Bond (1940-2015,) a founder of the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee, won a seat in the Georgia legislature in 1965. He was convinced Black citizens needed to work hard for social change, knowing the process would be difficult and slow, but he still believed change would come. He also feared that life for African-Americans could get worse in the U.S. before getting better. Questions include why wealthy Black citizens don't take care of the poor ones, which political party will African-Americans support, what difference the Voter Rights Act will make, when will positive change happen, and when will a Black man be able to run for president? Bond went on to serve in the Georgia Senate, and was, for many years, chair of the NAACP.
Topics: Civil rights; Politics; Race relations; Radio programs
ID: NC0028

Is the Church a Joke? (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-06-27
Length: 57:44 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Jackie Robinson, (Guest)
Jack Roosevelt "Jackie" Robinson (1919-1972) was a Major League Baseball second baseman who was the first African American to play in the major leagues in the modern era. Robinson broke the baseball color line when the Brooklyn Dodgers started him at first base on April 15, 1947. Robinson's character, his focus on nonviolence, and his unquestionable talent challenged the traditional basis of segregation and had an impact on the culture of the Civil Rights Movement. At the time of this program, Robinson was special assistant for community affairs for New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller. He believed Christians with the right intentions could have a great positive impact on civil rights. Questions from callers were more related to protests, violence, Black Power, and racial disparity. Questions also dealt with distortion of the faith in the White churches. - The first minute of the program (the introduction) was not on the audiotape, which was a dub of the original.
Topics: Baseball; Civil rights; Politics; Racism; Radio program
ID: NC0035

What Happened to the Kerner Report? (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-07-01
Length: 58:59 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; John Lindsay, (Guest)
The National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders was known as the Kerner Commission, named after its chair, Governor Otto Kerner, Jr. of Illinois. New York Mayor John Lindsay (1921-2000) was vice-chair of the 11-member commission established by President Lyndon B. Johnson to investigate the causes of the 1967 race riots in the United States and to provide recommendations for the future. The commission found racism among White Americans was a major factor in driving the riots. Lindsay had been awake for 48 hours working to resolve a hospital worker strike, but still showed up for this program. He said young Black Americans were understandably angry at the racism and limited opportunities in the U.S. Callers asked about future riots, White racism, support (or not) of the report from major politicians, ways to alleviate racial unrest, interracial marriage, busing, and the costs of the Kerner Report proposals. The original report can be seen at: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/8073NCJRS.pdf
Topics: Civil rights; Civil unrest; Politics; Racism; Radio program
ID: NC0036

The Deaf and Dumb American (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-07-09
Length: 27:20 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; William Lederer, (Guest)
Program 2 of 5 on Vietnam - representing opposition to American approaches to Vietnam. (Recording starts half-way through the program.) William Julius Lederer, Jr. (1912-2009) was American author. He was a U.S. Naval Academy graduate in 1936 and a Navy public information officer. His 1958 best selling book, "The Ugly American," sought to demonstrate their belief that American officials and civilians could make a substantial difference in Southeast Asian politics if they were willing to learn local languages, follow local customs and employ regional military tactics. In "A Nation of Sheep," Lederer identified intelligence failures in Asia. Callers question his knowledge, want to know how to get information to those in power, whether "body counts" are accurate, what the Geneva Convention says about re-uniting Vietnam, and how criticism of American policy can be really American.
Topics: Politics; Radio program; Vietnam
ID: NC0041

Vietnam: Hawks-eye View (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-07-10
Length: 59:07 minutes:seconds
F. Edward Hebert, (Guest)
Program 3 of 5 on Vietnam - representing the "hawk's-eye" view. Congressman F. Edward Hebert (Felix Edward Hebert, 1901-1979,) represented the New Orleans-based 1st Congressional District as a Democrat from 1941 until his retirement in 1977. At the time of this program, he served on the House Armed Services Committee. He disagreed with the way the war was being conducted, and thought it should be fought fully and fought to win. He feels demonstrations against the war are treasonous and are communist-instigated, and that Stokely Carmichael and Martin Luther King, Jr. should have been prosecuted for speaking out against the war. Hebert felt TV news was one of America's greatest enemies, and that all newspapers were liberal. Callers were interested in why the war costs so much, how many American had been injured, whether we had too few troops, if the Reserves are not prepared, if we're getting accurate information on battle results, what we want to accomplish in Vietnam, and the possibility of a volunteer Army.
Topics: Politics; Radio program; Vietnam
ID: NC0042

The New Black Politics (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-07-17
Length: 58:07 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; John Conyers, Jr., (Guest)
John James Conyers, Jr. (b. 1929) was elected to Congress in 1965. As of 2016, he was its longest-serving current member, making him the Dean of the House of Representatives. In 1968, he chaired the National Board of Inquiry, focusing on presidential politics and policies that affect African Americans. He told callers his committee was not trying to determine for Black Americans who to vote for, but to provide an analysis of candidates for Black voters to use in making decisions. He questioned the supposed help of liberals, spoke of the plight of Native Americans, stated that poverty is also a White problem, and that the wealthiest nation in the world should be able to eliminate slums and employ all its citizens.
Topics: Civil rights; Politics; Racism; Radio programs
ID: NC0046

Open Lines Program: Issues of Black Leadership (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-07-26
Length: 58:36 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Callers, (Guest)
This program is a classic example of a technical nightmare on a live program. The guest was supposed to be Maulana Karenga (Ronald Everett,) president of the US Organization. Karenga and Hakim Jamal had created "US Organization" as an alternative to the Black Panthers. Two years earlier, In 1966, Karenga created Kwanzaa, the African-American holiday. The phone connection to Karenga failed before the program started. The result is an open lines program, discussing issues related to Black leadership and culture in the U.S. in the late 1960s. There were multiple phone problems, but the conversation with callers continued.
Topics: Civil rights; Politics; Racism; Radio program
ID: NC0050

Dick Gregory's Run for the Presidency (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-07-30
Length: 59:21 minutes
Del Shields, (Host) ; Dick Gregory, (Guest)
Guest is Dick Gregory. Discussion revolves around his run for the presidency and civil rights in the U.S. Night Call was the first national radio call-in program. It was produced by The United Methodist Church.
Topics: Civil rights; Politics; Race relations; Radio program
ID: NC0009

American Violence and Black Anti-Semitism (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-07-31
Length: 59:04 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Morris Abram, (Guest)
Morris B. Abram (1918-2000) was the president of the American Jewish Committee and had just been named president of Brandeis University. He was a lawyer and civil rights activist who fought for Black voting rights in rural Georgia. Caller discussions dealt with difficulties between Black Americans and Jewish Americans. They also discussed public education, lack of commitment toward a better society among Whites of all faiths, the possibility of more commitment, and whether Jews might focus less on sympathy for Black citizens and more on action. Abram also wants more action on the part of the U. S. government. They also discuss the importance of non-violence, the effects of Resurrection City, and whether societies always need scapegoats. Abram says there will some day be a Black U. S. president, and some day, a woman.
Topics: Anti-semetism; Civil rights; Politics; Racism; Radio program
ID: NC0051

Candidacy for President of the United States (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-08-21
Length: 58:48 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Geroge McGovern, (Guest)
Senator George McGovern (1922-2012,) Democratic Senator from South Dakota, was running for president in 1968. McGovern, a decorated WWII bomber pilot, was an early and strong opponent of the war in Vietnam. That conflict was is under discussion, as well as the Russian invasion of Czechoslovakia, which had happened the day before this program. Other issues include the upcoming Democratic convention and platform, the role of the U.S. presidency, foreign aid, maintaining law and order in the U.S., and human rights. McGovern was an American historian, author, U.S. Representative, and U.S. Senator.
Topics: Politics; Presidential politics; Radio programs
ID: NC0063