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Jobs for Minority Groups - Night Call
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Length: 58:42 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; H. C. McClellan, (Guest)
Tonight's guest, H. C. McClellan, a former Assistant Secretary of Commerce, now headed the Management Council for Merit Employment. McClellan was working to maximize employment in the Watts section of Los Angeles, which had experienced riots in 1965. He says most of the people there want to work and not to be on welfare. Subjects include: job training, basic education, interview training, school involvement, and working with employers. Efforts were being made to expand the merit employment program throughout California and beyond. One caller asked about job help for the blind. The program suffers from phone difficulties. The tape box says, "Had technical problems that weren't cleared up until very late in the show." The caller phone lines did not work properly until 45 minutes into the program.
Topics: Employment; Poverty; Race; Radio programs
ID: NC0024

Are We All Guilty of Murdering M. L. King and R. F. Kennedy? - Night Call
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Length: 58:58 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Michael Halberstam, (Guest)
Dr. Michael Halberstam was a cardiologist and author in Washington, D.C. Halberstam had just written a New York Times Magazine article titled: "Are You Guilty of Murdering Martin Luther King?" He rejects the concept of "historical guilt" in which people are guilty of the sins of their ancestors. He says people are responsible for their own actions and inactions. Despite widespread prejudice, Halberstam believes a majority of White Americans are in favor of equal treatment for Black Americans. Subjects include White oppression of Black Americans, the limited value of guilt, the significance of acting out of a sense of justice and commitment, and the difference between shame and guilt. Halberstam was murdered during a robbery in his home in 1980. While driving himself to the hospital with bullet wounds, he knocked down the robber (Bernard C. Welch, Jr.) with his car. Halberstam's brother was Pulitzer-Prize winning author David Halberstam.
Topics: Assinations; Kennedy, Robert F.; King, Martin Luther; Race; Radio programs; Violence
ID: NC0025

Is this Country Sick? - Morality in the United States - Night Call
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Length: 57:33 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Robert Fitch, (Guest)
Dr. Robert E. Fitch was Professor of Ethics at Pacific School of Religion in California. Del Shields asks whether our nation is "sick." He says the hippies are not really adults, and do not take part in adult society. Fitch also complains about the problems caused by permissive parents. As a professor, he's very concerned about bad conduct by the "hippie and hooligan group" on the campuses. Some discussion is on the causes of rioting in the U.S., including oppression, education, and drug use.
Topics: Alternate lifestyle; Drugs; Ethics; Radio programs
ID: NC0027

Politics and the Black Man - Night Call
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Length: 58:59 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Julian Bond, (Guest)
Julian Bond (1940-2015,) a founder of the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee, won a seat in the Georgia legislature in 1965. He was convinced Black citizens needed to work hard for social change, knowing the process would be difficult and slow, but he still believed change would come. He also feared that life for African-Americans could get worse in the U.S. before getting better. Questions include why wealthy Black citizens don't take care of the poor ones, which political party will African-Americans support, what difference the Voter Rights Act will make, when will positive change happen, and when will a Black man be able to run for president? Bond went on to serve in the Georgia Senate, and was, for many years, chair of the NAACP.
Topics: Civil rights; Politics; Race relations; Radio programs
ID: NC0028

Is the Southern Baptist Church Racist Anymore? - Night Call
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Length: 58:58 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; W. A. Criswell, (Guest)
The guest is Dr. W. A. Criswell, the new president of the Southern Baptist Convention. Wallie Amos Criswell (1909-2002) was an American pastor, author, and a two-term elected president of the Southern Baptist Convention from 1968 to 1970. The church had just voted to turn away from segregation and racism. He sees no biblical support for racism. Callers questioned the sincerity of the church, whether the church will promote Black members as professors in their schools, whether interracial marriage was happening in Southern Baptist churches, if the Southern Baptists and American Baptist will ever merge, and how the Southern Baptist will work against segregation. - For over fifty years, Criswell was the pastor of the First Baptist Church in downtown Dallas, Texas, a church known for its conservative evangelical teachings.
Topics: Church life; Civil rights; Racism; Radio programs
ID: NC0037

The Other War and How We're Losing It - Night Call
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Length: 58:30 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Williiam Corson, (Guest)
Lieutenant Colonal William Corson (1925-2000) retired from the Marine Corps in 1968. The next day, his book "The Betrayal" was published. This program is 4th in a 5-part series on Vietnam. Corson had been an intelligence officer on special assignment with the CIA and the Marine Corps. He claims the U.S. was losing the war for the hearts and minds of the Vietnamese people. Callers asked about the Korean vs. Vietnam wars, doubts stated by Dwight Eisenhower, how the war will affect returning soldiers, what really happened at Khe Sanh, validity of the South Vietnamese government, the legitimacy of news coming from Vietnam, potential of bombing the dikes of North Vietnam, and whether the concept of a military victory makes sense.
Topics: Radio programs; Vietnam
ID: NC0043

Vietnam: A Balanced View - Night Call
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Length: 58:30 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; John Mecklin, (Guest)
John Mecklin, the editor of Fortune Magazine, was chosen to provide a balanced view of the war in Vietnam in this, the last of a 5-part series on the subject. John Martin Mecklin (1918-1971) was an American journalist and diplomat. Questions relate to whether the U.S. can win the war, the credibility gap on information, whether this is a war, why we were in Vietnam, validity of the domino theory, the possibility of bombing the dikes of the Red River in North Vietnam, whether President Johnson campaigned as a peace candidate but intended war, if we were involved in misguided imperialism, if the American people were being mislead, and how the U.S. should proceed. Note: part of the open of the program was not recorded.
Topics: Radio programs; Vietnam
ID: NC0044

The Christian Church's Betrayal of the Black Man - Night Call
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Length: 58:49 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; James Baldwin, (Guest)
James Arthur Baldwin (1924-1987) was an African American novelist, essayist, playwright, poet, and social critic. One week before this program, he spoke to the World Council Of Churches in Uppsala, Sweden, telling them the Christian Church had betrayed the Black man by identifying with racist institutions in society, and has lost touch with Christian principles. He asked them whether "there is left in Christian civilization the moral energy, the spiritual daring, to atone, to repent, to be born again". Here, he continues to challenge the Christian church, which he feels has broken with Christ. Callers ask if God leaves Black people in misery, why Catholics need to be lumped in with Protestants, who can help Whites and Blacks to live together, isn't there just one human race, is the term "Christian" being misused, and what Black people can believe in and depend on. Baldwin says the choice is to live with a bad reality, or for America to address the issue.
Topics: Racism; Radio programs; Religion
ID: NC0045

The New Black Politics - Night Call
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Length: 58:07 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; John Conyers, Jr., (Guest)
John James Conyers, Jr. (b. 1929) was elected to Congress in 1965. As of 2016, he was its longest-serving current member, making him the Dean of the House of Representatives. In 1968, he chaired the National Board of Inquiry, focusing on presidential politics and policies that affect African Americans. He told callers his committee was not trying to determine for Black Americans who to vote for, but to provide an analysis of candidates for Black voters to use in making decisions. He questioned the supposed help of liberals, spoke of the plight of Native Americans, stated that poverty is also a White problem, and that the wealthiest nation in the world should be able to eliminate slums and employ all its citizens.
Topics: Civil rights; Politics; Racism; Radio programs
ID: NC0046

No Riots Allowed - Night Call
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Length: 57:55 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Winton Blount, (Guest)
In 1968, Winton Blount, Jr. (1921-2002) was president of the U.S. Chamber of Conference. In a speech earlier in the year, he told the National Press Club that mob action cannot be a political instrument for social change. With callers, he discussed White flight from the cities, urbanization as a possible cause for riots, that improvement may come about by education and initiative, whether Blount could understand the Black experience, whether riots have actually helped produce social change, and whether a move can be made toward better ways. Blount said the business community was helping by creating jobs. Blount was CEO of Blount International, a major construction company, and served as U.S. Postmaster General from 1969-1972.
Topics: Civil rights; Civil unrest; Radio programs
ID: NC0047