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The Effect of Vatican Council II on Protestantism in the U.S. (click on title to listen to program, please)

Length: 53:05
Russ Gibb, (Host) ; Fred P. Corson, (Guest)
Bishop Fred P. Corson
Topics: Radio program; Vatican II
ID: DA-1153

The Homosexual Problem (click on title to listen to program, please)

Length: 59:09 minutes:seconds
Bill Richards, (Host) ; Charles Socarides, (Guest)
Charles W. Socarides (1922-2005) was an American psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, physician, educator, and author. He focused much of his career on the study of homosexuality, which he believed was an illness accompanied by severe anxiety and depression, that could be treated by psychotherapy. Socarides speaks of "overt, obligatory homosexuality" which he said affected 2.5 to 4 million American men, and probably a similar number of American women. He said male homosexuality typically develops in the first 18-36 months of life, during the "separation / individualization phase" - caused by a controlling mother who prevents her son from separating from her, and a weak or rejecting father who fails to serve as a role model for his son or support his efforts to escape from the mother. In response to a caller questions, he said homosexuals are a persecuted minority, suffering an illness and having no choice. He said he had cured homosexuals, but that homosexuals need to be treated only if they are unhappy with their condition; if they are happy, they have no need for treatment. A caller asked about two male poets in New York City having a sexual relationship; Socarides said there is nothing wrong with that -- it is a way for them to deal with their anxieties and seems to be successful. He didn't believe in gay marriage, but thought legal prohibitions to gay couples should be removed. Asked about concerns over a roommate situation, on gay and one straight, Socarides said there was little chance the gay roommate would try to assert his preferences on the straight roommate. One of Socarides's sons, Richard, is gay, was a policy consultant on LGBT issues for President Bill Clinton, and has been a commentator on CNN and a columnist at the New Yorker. He says his father never tried to cure him.
Topics: Civil rights; Gay rights; Homosexuality; Psychology; Radio programs
ID: NC0128

American Sports and Black Athletes, Part 5: The Olympic Boycott (click on title to listen to program, please)

Length: 59:01 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Harry Edwards, (Guest) ; Don Newcombe, (Guest)
Although the Olympic boycott is the reason for this program, it is much more a conversation about racism in sports and in society. Dr. Harry Edwards (1942- ) was a sociology instructor at San Jose State University when he co-engineered the "Revolt of the Black Athletes"� in 1968. The high point of the protest came two months after this program - at the Mexico City Summer Olympics in October when two athletes shocked the world by protesting against racism and human oppression with a black-gloved fist salute while standing on the winners' podium. Edwards believed race relations were worse in 1968 than at any other time since emancipation. In 1971, Edwards earned his Ph.D. from Cornell and became a sociology professor at the University of California. Edwards retired from the University of California in 2000. Former Major League Baseball pitcher Donald Newcombe also appears on the program. Newcombe (1926- ) played for the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers, Cincinnati Reds, and Cleveland Indians. In 1968, he ran a company that trained African-Americans. Also calling in is Ray Scott (1938- ) who had an 11-year career in the National Basketball Association (NBA) and the American Basketball Association (ABA), with the Pistons, Baltimore Bullets, and Virginia Squires.
Topics: Athletics; Civil rights; Olympics; Racism; Radio program
ID: NC0056

The Other War and How We're Losing It (click on title to listen to program, please)

Length: 58:30 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Williiam Corson, (Guest)
Lieutenant Colonal William Corson (1925-2000) retired from the Marine Corps in 1968. The next day, his book "The Betrayal" was published. This program is 4th in a 5-part series on Vietnam. Corson had been an intelligence officer on special assignment with the CIA and the Marine Corps. He claims the U.S. was losing the war for the hearts and minds of the Vietnamese people. Callers asked about the Korean vs. Vietnam wars, doubts stated by Dwight Eisenhower, how the war will affect returning soldiers, what really happened at Khe Sanh, validity of the South Vietnamese government, the legitimacy of news coming from Vietnam, potential of bombing the dikes of North Vietnam, and whether the concept of a military victory makes sense.
Topics: Radio programs; Vietnam
ID: NC0043

Vietnam: A Balanced View (click on title to listen to program, please)

Length: 58:30 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; John Mecklin, (Guest)
John Mecklin, the editor of Fortune Magazine, was chosen to provide a balanced view of the war in Vietnam in this, the last of a 5-part series on the subject. John Martin Mecklin (1918-1971) was an American journalist and diplomat. Questions relate to whether the U.S. can win the war, the credibility gap on information, whether this is a war, why we were in Vietnam, validity of the domino theory, the possibility of bombing the dikes of the Red River in North Vietnam, whether President Johnson campaigned as a peace candidate but intended war, if we were involved in misguided imperialism, if the American people were being mislead, and how the U.S. should proceed. Note: part of the open of the program was not recorded.
Topics: Radio programs; Vietnam
ID: NC0044

The Christian Church's Betrayal of the Black Man (click on title to listen to program, please)

Length: 58:49 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; James Baldwin, (Guest)
James Arthur Baldwin (1924-1987) was an African American novelist, essayist, playwright, poet, and social critic. One week before this program, he spoke to the World Council Of Churches in Uppsala, Sweden, telling them the Christian Church had betrayed the Black man by identifying with racist institutions in society, and has lost touch with Christian principles. He asked them whether "there is left in Christian civilization the moral energy, the spiritual daring, to atone, to repent, to be born again". Here, he continues to challenge the Christian church, which he feels has broken with Christ. Callers ask if God leaves Black people in misery, why Catholics need to be lumped in with Protestants, who can help Whites and Blacks to live together, isn't there just one human race, is the term "Christian" being misused, and what Black people can believe in and depend on. Baldwin says the choice is to live with a bad reality, or for America to address the issue.
Topics: Racism; Radio programs; Religion
ID: NC0045

The New Black Politics (click on title to listen to program, please)

Length: 58:07 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; John Conyers, Jr., (Guest)
John James Conyers, Jr. (b. 1929) was elected to Congress in 1965. As of 2016, he was its longest-serving current member, making him the Dean of the House of Representatives. In 1968, he chaired the National Board of Inquiry, focusing on presidential politics and policies that affect African Americans. He told callers his committee was not trying to determine for Black Americans who to vote for, but to provide an analysis of candidates for Black voters to use in making decisions. He questioned the supposed help of liberals, spoke of the plight of Native Americans, stated that poverty is also a White problem, and that the wealthiest nation in the world should be able to eliminate slums and employ all its citizens.
Topics: Civil rights; Politics; Racism; Radio programs
ID: NC0046

The Draft is a Bloody Mess (click on title to listen to program, please)

Length: 57:23 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Daniel Berrigan, (Guest)
Father Daniel Berrigan (1921-2016) was a Jesuit priest, an activist against the Vietnam War, and poet. At the time of this program, he was the assistant director of the Cornell University United Religious Work, the umbrella organization for all religious groups on campus. Daniel Berrigan and his brother Philip, along with seven other Catholic protesters, used homemade napalm to destroy 378 draft files in the parking lot of the Catonsville, Maryland, draft board on May 17, 1968. Berrigan was arrested and, in a trial following this program, was sentenced to three years in prison. He was released in 1972. Discussions in this program dealt with Berrigan's concern over the draft and the war, and whether it is right to act illegally to oppose the draft. Berrigan also spoke of his visit to Hanoi, in North Vietnam. Because of phone line problems, Berrigan wasn't on the line for the first 11 minutes and the volume of his phone line remained low.
Topics: Military draft; Radio programs; Vietnam
ID: NC0092

What the Soviet Union Thinks About the U.S. Election (click on title to listen to program, please)

Length: 1:03:23 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Spartak Beglov, (Guest)
The guest, Spartak Beglov (1925-2006) was a political commentator at the Russian news service, Novosti Press Agency. He was head of the Novosti corps of journalists, and also taught journalism at Moscow State University. He had been twice wounded as an Russian Army infantryman in WWII. In the U.S., Richard Nixon had just been elected president. Beglov says the Soviets did not have a preference for Nixon or for his opponent, Hubert Humphrey, but would wait and see what new policies might come from the new administration. Beglov agreed the 1968 election was very close in the vote count, but said the Russian people had followed the election closely and were not surprised at the closeness or the result. He said the Russian people had taken interest in Eugene McCarthy's talk in New Hampshire during the campaign, and had started to focus on whether the winner of the election would take a new approach to Russia. He said the Russians also wanted to see the U.S. take a more objective and fair approach to issues in the Mideast, and less patronizing of Israel. One caller wanted to know whether the status of Jews in the Soviet Union could be improved. Beglov said there is separation of church and state in the U.S.S.R. and that Jews are free to have their own culture. One caller asked whether the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. might develop cooperation in space exploration; Beglov wanted to wait-and-see on this as well. Beglov wrote a number of books, still available, on international relations and on Soviet programs. Note: The phone line from Moscow is surprisingly good for 1968, but his accent makes listening a little difficult.
Topics: Elections; Politics, United States; Radio programs; Soviet Union
ID: NC0120

Hunger and Malnutrition in America (click on title to listen to program, please)

Length: 58:15 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Robert Choate, (Guest)
Robert B. Choate, Jr. (1924-2009) said there were about 10 million Americans, who because of poverty, were underfed (under-nourished), or badly-fed (malnourished). In addition, he says, some were dying from these conditions. He said America produces plenty of food to provide for all our people, and also to help other nations in times of famine. He claimed we did a fair job of feeding 95% of our population, but we needed to address feeding the other 5%. He said only 6 million of the 21 million poor citizens were allowed onto a food program. He called for both private industry and the government to be involved in addressing hunger in America. Choate had moved to Washington DC in 1966 to work for The National Institute for Public Affairs, and The Citizens Crusade Against Poverty, both funded by the Ford Foundation. An engineer, and the son of the publisher of The Boston Globe, Choate used his wealth to battle what he saw as the greatest social ills afflicting America: poverty, hunger, and a lack of civil and political rights for African Americans and other minority groups. From his obituary: "Robert B. Choate Jr., gave up an engineering career to devote himself to fighting against poverty and malnutrition, seizing national attention in 1970 by telling a Senate subcommittee that most breakfast cereals barely qualify to be called food ... Choate, superficially a tweedy, bow-tied Boston Brahmin, decided in midlife that he wanted to rankle feathers. An early step was publishing a magazine in Phoenix, where he moved in the late 1950s, that deliberately irritated the city's conservative establishment. Soon he was at the center of a roiling national discussion of how to best use America's agricultural bounty to nourish its people."
Topics: Hunger; Poverty; Radio programs; United States
ID: NC0121