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The Effect of Vatican Council II on Protestantism in the U.S. (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1965-10-22
Length: 53:05
Russ Gibb, (Host) ; Fred P. Corson, (Guest)
Bishop Fred P. Corson
Topics: Radio program; Vatican II
ID: DA-1153

The Homosexual Problem (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1969-05-16
Length: 59:09 minutes:seconds
Bill Richards, (Host) ; Charles Socarides, (Guest)
Charles W. Socarides (1922-2005) was an American psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, physician, educator, and author. He focused much of his career on the study of homosexuality, which he believed was an illness accompanied by severe anxiety and depression, that could be treated by psychotherapy. Socarides speaks of "overt, obligatory homosexuality" which he said affected 2.5 to 4 million American men, and probably a similar number of American women. He said male homosexuality typically develops in the first 18-36 months of life, during the "separation / individualization phase" - caused by a controlling mother who prevents her son from separating from her, and a weak or rejecting father who fails to serve as a role model for his son or support his efforts to escape from the mother. In response to a caller questions, he said homosexuals are a persecuted minority, suffering an illness and having no choice. He said he had cured homosexuals, but that homosexuals need to be treated only if they are unhappy with their condition; if they are happy, they have no need for treatment. A caller asked about two male poets in New York City having a sexual relationship; Socarides said there is nothing wrong with that -- it is a way for them to deal with their anxieties and seems to be successful. He didn't believe in gay marriage, but thought legal prohibitions to gay couples should be removed. Asked about concerns over a roommate situation, on gay and one straight, Socarides said there was little chance the gay roommate would try to assert his preferences on the straight roommate. One of Socarides's sons, Richard, is gay, was a policy consultant on LGBT issues for President Bill Clinton, and has been a commentator on CNN and a columnist at the New Yorker. He says his father never tried to cure him.
Topics: Civil rights; Gay rights; Homosexuality; Psychology; Radio programs
ID: NC0128

Black Votes and White Candidates (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-10-14
Length: 59:08 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Louis Martin, (Guest)
In October 1968, three men were running for President of the United States: Richard Nixon (Republican), Hubert Humphrey (Democratic), and George Wallace (American Independent). Earlier in the year, Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy had been assassinated, and the Democratic National Convention was marred by violent confrontations between police and anti-war protesters, and the Democrats split into multiple factions. The guest is Louis Emanuel Martin, Jr. (1912-1997), deputy chair of the Democratic National Committee, focusing on black voters, which comprised 10% of the electorate. In his career, Martin was an American journalist, newspaper publisher, civil rights activist, and adviser to three presidents of the United States. Much of the conversation focuses on why Hubert Humphrey should be trusted to fight for the rights of Black Americans. Martin also puts an emphasis on job training, turning more people into tax payers.
Topics: Civil rights; Presidential elections; Racism; Radio programs
ID: NC0100

Is There Life After Death (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-12-16
Length: 59:44
Del Shields, (Host) ; Bishop James Pike, (Guest)
The show explores different understandings of death, life after death and discusses Bishop Pike's attempts at contacting the deceased as well as psychic phenomina. James Albert Pike was an American Episcopal bishop, prolific writer, and one of the first mainline religious figures to appear regularly on television. He was outspoken on many theological and social issues which made him one of the most controversial public figures of his time. He was an early proponent of ordination of women and racial desegregation. Late in his life he explored psychic experimentation in an effort to contact his deceased son.
Topics: Immortality; Life after death; Psychic phenomena; Radio programs
ID: NC0145

The New Movie Rating System (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-12-13
Length: 59:33
Del Shields, (Host) ; Judith Crist, (Guest)
Discusion is with Judith Crist on the new movie rating system. The new rating system is described; and discussion around who make the decisions on viewing a movie - kparents, theater owners or production companies. Changing habits in teh moview industry and viewing habits are also discussed. Judith Crist (May 22, 1922 - August 7, 2012) was an American film critic. She appeared regularly on the Today show from 1964 to 1973 and was among the first full-time female critics for a major American newspaper, in her case, the New York Herald Tribune. She become known to most Americans as a critic at the weekly magazine TV Guide and at the morning TV show Today.
Topics: Movies; Radio programs
ID: NC0144

Why Criminals Behave the Way They Do (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-11-19
Length: 59:11 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; James Brussel , (Guest)
Dr. James A. Brussel (1905-1982) was a psychiatrist, criminologist, and assistant commissioner in the State Department of Mental Hygiene for New York City. He was involved in the cases of George Metesky, the ''Mad Bomber,'' and Albert H. DeSalvo, the ''Boston Strangler.'' He interviewed the suspects and testified at their trials. In these cases, he engaged in offender or criminal profiling. Offender profiling dates back to 1888 and the spree of Jack the Ripper, and efforts continue to improve the practice. One caller talks about his conviction and time in prison for crimes he did not commit. A woman wants to know what to do with misbehaving children. A man wants to know whether criminality is the result of nature or nurture; Brussel had no definitive answer. Brussel has sometimes been called "the Sherlock Holmes of the couch." He also wrote eight books, including "Casebook of a Crime Psychiatrist." Brussel graduated from the University of Pennsylvania and its medical school, maintained a private practice in Manhattan for nearly 50 years, and served in the Army Medical Corps in World War II and the Korean War.
Topics: Crime; Criminal justice; Psychology; Radio programs
ID: NC0126

Does Educational Broadcasting Have Soul? (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-11-21
Length: 59:08 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Greg Morris, (Guest)
This program originated at the convention of the National Association of Educational Broadcasters, held in at the Park Sheraton Hotel in Washington, DC. It was held before a live audience at the convention. At the time of this recording, Greg Morris (1933-1966) played the part of electronics expert Barney Collier on the TV show, "Mission: Impossible." He says he appeared on dozens of other TV shows before he got that part. Questions include whether sponsorship has a detrimental effect on a show, whether Black actors are just being noticed and cast on shows, and what television (both educational and entertainment) could do to show all races of Americans as normal parts of society. Morris says television needs to produce and air a series on African-American history. (The historic TV mini-series "Roots" appeared nine years after this program.) Morris also says actors must portray characters as they are written, and not as the actor would like that character to appear.
Topics: African American actors; Educational television; Radio programs; Television acting
ID: NC0129

Can TV News Tell It like It Is? (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-11-22
Length: 59:11 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Bob Teague, (Guest)
Bob Teague ( 1929-2013) was one of New York City's first Black television journalists when he started at WNBC-TV in 1963. He went on to work as a reporter, anchorman, and producer for more than three decades, retiring from WNBC-TV in 1991. At the time of this program, Teague had just written a book titled "Letters to a Black Boy" - advice intended for his son to read when he turned 13 years old. Earlier, Teague was a standout football player at the University of Wisconsin, winning all-Big 10 honors. He became a journalism major in college and soon started writing for The Milwaukee Journal. In 1952, he joined the Army. In 1956, he moved back to New York and worked as a radio news writer for CBS. In this interview, Teague was opposed to quota systems for minorities, but wanted an "open society" in which everyone can achieve according to their abilities. He felt broadcasting was making an effort to hire minorities in significant roles. He said the federal government needed to make a committed effort to eliminate racism, and the TV should not be left to take the lead. He thought TV had the advantage of creating a familiarity between a broadcaster and viewers that bridges racial differences. Although this programs focuses on the hiring of qualified Black men, women are not mentioned.
Topics: Broadcast journalism; Radio programs; Televisionj ournalism; race relations
ID: NC0130

A Revolution Waiting to Happen (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-11-25
Length: 57:55 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Winton Nagen, (Guest)
Winston Nagan (1940- ) was just 28 years old and teaching at Virginia Polytechnic Institute at the time of this program. He appeared on Night Call to talk about the Apartheid system then in effect in South Africa. Nagan was born in South Africa and educated at the University of Fort Hare. At that time, the Apartheid authorities were constructing the foundations of a police state. Nagan had been a student leader challenging apartheid authoritarianism and organizing legal defenses for political prisoners. He left South Africa for exile in 1964 and continued his legal studies at Oxford University, receiving a B.A. and an M.A. He earned his LL.M. and M.C.L. at Duke University and his J.S.D. at Yale. Callers compared the U.S. to South Africa and asked whether the unrest in the U.S. might also be seen in South Africa. Nagan said there were many White students in South Africa who were liberal, pluralistic, and opposed Apartheid, but didn't tend to be revolutionary. He said there were also several organizations in the country that were actively opposed to racism, but no political party opposed the current system. Nagan said there was also some effort by other African nations to encourage more equality in South Africa. Nagan is now well-known for his work in international law and human rights. He served as acting justice on the High Court of the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa in 2006. The Apartheid system in South Africa was dismantled in the early 1990's.
Topics: Apartheid; Civil rights; Race relations; Radio programs; South Africa
ID: NC0131

The W.A.S.P. in Trouble (click on title to listen to program, please)

Date:1968-11-26
Length: 59:13 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Julius Horwitz, (Guest)
Julius Horwitz (1920-1986) was a social critic and a reporter on the life of African-American ghettos, drug culture, and existence. He had just written the novel, "The W.A.S.P." WASP (White Anglo-Saxon Protestant) is an informal, disparaging term for high-status and influential White Americans of British Protestant ancestry with disproportionate financial, political, and social power in the United States. Shields wondered if there were any other White Americans who understand the life of Black Americans as well as Horwitz, who felt that some do. But Horwitz said America, as a society, still had not crossed the line of admitting the humanity of African-Americans. A caller suggested education would solve social-racial issues, but Horwitz and Shields felt it would take more than mere education to create equality in society. Horwitz said that Black citizens are Americans like any other citizens and should be able to define themselves in society - and not accept definitions assigned by WASPs.
Topics: Civil rights; Race relations; Radio programs
ID: NC0132