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American Poverty (click on title to listen to program, please. )

Length: 59 minutes
Del Shields, (Host) ; Ralph Abernathy, (Guest)
Guest is the Rev. Ralph Abernath, Acting President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. The discussion is around the Poor People's campaign and the state of the poverty in the United States. Night Call was the first national radio call-in program. It was produced by The United Methodist Church.
Topics: Civil rights; Poverty; Race relations; Radio program
ID: NC0006

A Moral Equivalent for Riots (click on title to listen to program, please. )

Length: 58:50 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Harvey Wheeler, (Guest)
The guest is Harvey Wheeler, a political scientist who co-authored the best-selling book, "Fail-Safe," along with Eugene Burdick. The book was later adapted into a 1964 film of the same name, starring Henry Fonda. Wheeler had just finished a study of violence in race relations, and wrote an article called "A Moral Equivalent for Riots." Wheeler lived in Santa Barbara, California. He had suggestions to improve society in the U.S., including a "Black Congress" as a new arm of government. He also focuses on "cultural deprivation" - the poor situations in which children are raised, and the inherent racism in society. Callers wanted to talk about racism, jobs, poverty, the slow movement of Congress, integration, and guaranteed income. Wheeler died in 2004 at the age of 85.
Topics: African Americans; Racism; Radio program
ID: NC0020

Length: 57:51 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Joe Gipson, (Guest)
On June 5, 1968, Senator Robert Kennedy was shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles after winning the California presidential primary. As this program was aired, word of Kennedy's shooting had arrived, but not of his death. The guest is the Rev. Joe Gipson, pastor of National Memorial United Methodist Church in Washington, DC. Why have Martin Luther King and John F. Kennedy been assassinated? And why has Robert F. Kennedy been shot? How can we deal with criminal, political, and racial violence in society? Should the church use religious and political power to make a positive difference? How can we take up the leadership that the Kennedy's had? Would gun control help? Are we a nation of the status-quo, instead of moving forward?
Topics: Assassination; Kennedy, Robert; Radio proram; Violence
ID: NC0021

Racial Violence (click on title to listen to program, please. )

Length: 59:32 minutes
Del Shields, (Host) ; Stokely Carmichael, (Guest)
Guest is Stokely Carmichael. Discussion revolves the use of violence to achieve racial justice. Night Call was the first national radio call-in program. It was produced by The United Methodist Church. This is only the last half of the program.
Topics: Civil rights; Race relations; Radio program; Sports
ID: NC0012

Poor People's Campaign (click on title to listen to program, please. )

Length: 58:04 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; John Adams, (Guest)
The Rev. John P. Adams, National Council of Churches Liaison to the Poor People's Campaign at Resurrection City in Washington, DC. The campaign was a 1968 effort to gain economic justice for poor people in the United States. It was organized by Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and led by Ralph Abernathy after King's assassination. "Resurrection City" was an encampment on the Washington Mall. Issues in this program include: militancy, coalition of minorities, proposal for a guaranteed annual income, an unresponsive Congress, poverty, cost of Resurrection City, the nature of those in poverty, and church involvement in government issues.
Topics: Poverty; Race relations; Radio program
ID: NC0022

Religious Obedience and Civil Disobedience (click on title to listen to program, please. )

Length: 40:44 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Dean Kelly, (Guest)
The guest, the Rev. Dean Kelly, was Director for Civil and Religious Liberty for the National Council of Churches. The focus is on opposition to the Vietnam War, and on individual conscience and understanding of faith. Other issues include: Christian pacifism, the difference between civil disobedience and illegal resistance, and the mandatory draft. The beginning of the program (about 18 minutes) was not recorded, and on the back of the tape box it says, "First Section Missing."
Topics: Civil disobedience; Radio program; Vietnam war
ID: NC0023

Poor People's Campaign (click on title to listen to program, please. )

Length: 59:22 minutes
Del Shields, (Host) ; Andrew Young, (Guest)
Guest is the Rev. Andrew Young, the Executive Vice President of the SCLC. The discussion is around the Poor People's campaign and the state of the civil rights movement. Night Call was the first national radio call-in program. It was produced by The United Methodist Church.
Topics: Civil rights; Poverty; Race relations; Radio program
ID: NC0005

Jobs for Minority Groups (click on title to listen to program, please. )

Length: 58:42 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; H. C. McClellan, (Guest)
Tonight's guest, H. C. McClellan, a former Assistant Secretary of Commerce, now headed the Management Council for Merit Employment. McClellan was working to maximize employment in the Watts section of Los Angeles, which had experienced riots in 1965. He says most of the people there want to work and not to be on welfare. Subjects include: job training, basic education, interview training, school involvement, and working with employers. Efforts were being made to expand the merit employment program throughout California and beyond. One caller asked about job help for the blind. The program suffers from phone difficulties. The tape box says, "Had technical problems that weren't cleared up until very late in the show." The caller phone lines did not work properly until 45 minutes into the program.
Topics: Employment; Poverty; Race; Radio programs
ID: NC0024

Are We All Guilty of Murdering M. L. King and R. F. Kennedy? (click on title to listen to program, please. )

Length: 58:58 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Michael Halberstam, (Guest)
Dr. Michael Halberstam was a cardiologist and author in Washington, D.C. Halberstam had just written a New York Times Magazine article titled: "Are You Guilty of Murdering Martin Luther King?" He rejects the concept of "historical guilt" in which people are guilty of the sins of their ancestors. He says people are responsible for their own actions and inactions. Despite widespread prejudice, Halberstam believes a majority of White Americans are in favor of equal treatment for Black Americans. Subjects include White oppression of Black Americans, the limited value of guilt, the significance of acting out of a sense of justice and commitment, and the difference between shame and guilt. Halberstam was murdered during a robbery in his home in 1980. While driving himself to the hospital with bullet wounds, he knocked down the robber (Bernard C. Welch, Jr.) with his car. Halberstam's brother was Pulitzer-Prize winning author David Halberstam.
Topics: Assinations; Kennedy, Robert F.; King, Martin Luther; Race; Radio programs; Violence
ID: NC0025

America's Concentration Camps: Reality or Rumor? (click on title to listen to program, please. )

Length: 58:46 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; William Hedgepeth, (Guest)
William Hedgepeth was Senior Editor of Look Magazine. His magazine had just published an article alleging the existence of many available, but unused, concentration camps across the U.S. Hedgepeth said, they were established in 1952 in Pennsylvania, California, Oklahoma, Florida, and Arizona - and that they were available to be used in event of an insurrection. He says the camps are allowed under the Internal Security Act of 1950. There was concern among Black populations because some people were calling for using the camps to house Black militants. Callers have differing views of their existence and whether they should be used.
Topics: Criminal justice; Prisons; Radio program
ID: NC0026