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The Effect of Vatican Council II on Protestantism in the U.S. - Night Call
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Date:1965-10-22
Length: 53:05
Russ Gibb, (Host) ; Fred P. Corson, (Guest)
Bishop Fred P. Corson
Topics: Radio program; Vatican II
ID: DA-1153

The Homosexual Problem - Night Call
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Date:1969-05-16
Length: 59:09 minutes:seconds
Bill Richards, (Host) ; Charles Socarides, (Guest)
Charles W. Socarides (1922-2005) was an American psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, physician, educator, and author. He focused much of his career on the study of homosexuality, which he believed was an illness accompanied by severe anxiety and depression, that could be treated by psychotherapy. Socarides speaks of "overt, obligatory homosexuality" which he said affected 2.5 to 4 million American men, and probably a similar number of American women. He said male homosexuality typically develops in the first 18-36 months of life, during the "separation / individualization phase" - caused by a controlling mother who prevents her son from separating from her, and a weak or rejecting father who fails to serve as a role model for his son or support his efforts to escape from the mother. In response to a caller questions, he said homosexuals are a persecuted minority, suffering an illness and having no choice. He said he had cured homosexuals, but that homosexuals need to be treated only if they are unhappy with their condition; if they are happy, they have no need for treatment. A caller asked about two male poets in New York City having a sexual relationship; Socarides said there is nothing wrong with that -- it is a way for them to deal with their anxieties and seems to be successful. He didn't believe in gay marriage, but thought legal prohibitions to gay couples should be removed. Asked about concerns over a roommate situation, on gay and one straight, Socarides said there was little chance the gay roommate would try to assert his preferences on the straight roommate. One of Socarides's sons, Richard, is gay, was a policy consultant on LGBT issues for President Bill Clinton, and has been a commentator on CNN and a columnist at the New Yorker. He says his father never tried to cure him.
Topics: Civil rights; Gay rights; Homosexuality; Psychology; Radio programs
ID: NC0128

People on Welfare: What Rights Should They Have? - Night Call
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Date:1968-12-10
Length: 57:31 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Beulah Sanders, (Guest)
Beulah Sanders was an African American woman welfare recipient in New York City. She received $3,300 per year to support her and her three children. Sanders became a movement leader, first in the local New York welfare rights movement and then in the National Welfare Rights Organization (NWRO). At the height of the influence of the movement, she even served as acting secretary of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare for the federal government. The organization was overwhelmingly African American, and membership was limited to welfare recipients, most of whom received Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). This radio program and the callers question the value and effectiveness of the welfare system. Other issues include the amount of money available to recipients, the lack of involvement of men in the welfare rights movement, and whether people on welfare know how to cook or mend. Sanders says welfare recipients "should not be treated like dirt." The 2008 book, "The Battle for Welfare Rights: Politics and Poverty in Modern America" focused on the story of Beulah Sanders.
Topics: Civil rights; Radio program; Welfare
ID: NC0141

Catholics and Birth Control - Night Call
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Date:1968-08-12
Length: 58:47 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Bernard Haring, (Guest)
On July 25, 1968, Pope Paul VI issued an encyclical titled "Humanae Vitae", Latin for "Of Human Life." Mainly because of its prohibition of all forms of "artificial" birth control, the encyclical was politically controversial and many American Catholic theologians disagreed with the encyclical. One of the objectors was this program's guest, Father Bernard Haring (1912-1988). Haring was a leader in moving Catholic moral theology to a more personalist and scripture-based approach. Callers want to know what the church will do about couples using birth control, what biblical support there is for large families, how to justify the pressure of a large family puts on the parents, and what allows theologians to disagree with biblical teaching. Haring says Catholics must pay attention to the encyclical, but if they determine they must use contraception, they may follow their own conscience and don't need to confess their practice. Haring also agrees with a caller that the rhythm method is also a form of contraception.
Topics: Birth control; Catholicism; Radio program
ID: NC0053

American Sports and Black Athletes, Part 1: Titles Aren't Color Blind - Night Call
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Date:1968-08-05
Length: minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Muhammad Ali, (Guest)
Muhammad Ali (1942- ) was born Cassius Marcellus Clay, Jr. in Louisville, Kentucky. At the time of this program, he was the former heavyweight boxing champion and had been convicted of avoiding the draft, but was waiting out the appeal process. At this time, he was prohibited from professional boxing, and from leaving the country. He considered himself a conscientious objector as a Muslim clergy member. In 1971, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned his conviction. Ali says the racial situation in the U.S. is not a matter of hating White people, it is a matter of hating the injustices perpetrated on Black people. Ali says young Black people are tired of good Black people being nice, and they need to exert themselves forcefully. Callers showed their appreciation of Ali, and also challenged him on not serving in Vietnam, and his opposition to racial intermarriage. Audio quality is reduced by Ali's enthusiasm - speaking quickly and loudly on the phone connection.
Topics: Athletics; Civil rights; Racism; Radio program
ID: NC0054

American Sports and Black Athletes, Part 4: Black Discount Prices for the MVP - Night Call
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Date:1968-08-08
Length: 58:26 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Frank Robinson, Oscar Robertson, (Guest)
Frank Robinson (1935- ) is an American former Major League Baseball outfielder and manager. He played for five teams from 1956 to 1976, and became the only player to win MVP honors in both the National and American Leagues. At the time of this program, he was playing for the Baltimore Orioles. Robinson later became the first Black manager in the American League with the Indians, and in the National League with the Giants. Oscar Robertson (1938- ) is also on the phone line in the second half of the program. Robertson is a retired National Basketball Association player. In 1968, he was playing for the Cincinnati Royals, and later played for the Milwaukee Bucks. He is regarded as one of the best players in NBA history. Discussion includes a look at race relations inside baseball - both on the field, and in socializing and housing. They also talk about the great disparity of respect for a Black MVP and that for a White MVP. Another subject is the difference in pay for Black and White players, and the lack of off-season and post-career jobs for Black players. They also weigh-in on the Olympic boycott of 1968.
Topics: Athletics; Civil rights; Racism; Radio program
ID: NC0055

American Sports and Black Athletes, Part 5: The Olympic Boycott - Night Call
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Date:1968-08-09
Length: 59:01 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Harry Edwards, (Guest) ; Don Newcombe, (Guest) ; Ray Scott, (Guest)
Although the Olympic boycott is the reason for this program, it is much more a conversation about racism in sports and in society. Dr. Harry Edwards (1942- ) was a sociology instructor at San Jose State University when he co-engineered the "Revolt of the Black Athletes"� in 1968. The high point of the protest came two months after this program - at the Mexico City Summer Olympics in October when two athletes shocked the world by protesting against racism and human oppression with a black-gloved fist salute while standing on the winners' podium. Edwards believed race relations were worse in 1968 than at any other time since emancipation. In 1971, Edwards earned his Ph.D. from Cornell and became a sociology professor at the University of California. Edwards retired from the University of California in 2000. Former Major League Baseball pitcher Donald Newcombe also appears on the program. Newcombe (1926- ) played for the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers, Cincinnati Reds, and Cleveland Indians. In 1968, he ran a company that trained African-Americans. Also calling in is Ray Scott (1938- ) who had an 11-year career in the National Basketball Association (NBA) and the American Basketball Association (ABA), with the Pistons, Baltimore Bullets, and Virginia Squires.
Topics: Athletics; Civil rights; Olympics; Racism; Radio program
ID: NC0056

The Other War and How We're Losing It - Night Call
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Date:1968-07-11
Length: 58:30 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Williiam Corson, (Guest)
Lieutenant Colonal William Corson (1925-2000) retired from the Marine Corps in 1968. The next day, his book "The Betrayal" was published. This program is 4th in a 5-part series on Vietnam. Corson had been an intelligence officer on special assignment with the CIA and the Marine Corps. He claims the U.S. was losing the war for the hearts and minds of the Vietnamese people. Callers asked about the Korean vs. Vietnam wars, doubts stated by Dwight Eisenhower, how the war will affect returning soldiers, what really happened at Khe Sanh, validity of the South Vietnamese government, the legitimacy of news coming from Vietnam, potential of bombing the dikes of North Vietnam, and whether the concept of a military victory makes sense.
Topics: Radio programs; Vietnam
ID: NC0043

Vietnam: A Balanced View - Night Call
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Date:1968-07-12
Length: 58:30 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; John Mecklin, (Guest)
John Mecklin, the editor of Fortune Magazine, was chosen to provide a balanced view of the war in Vietnam in this, the last of a 5-part series on the subject. John Martin Mecklin (1918-1971) was an American journalist and diplomat. Questions relate to whether the U.S. can win the war, the credibility gap on information, whether this is a war, why we were in Vietnam, validity of the domino theory, the possibility of bombing the dikes of the Red River in North Vietnam, whether President Johnson campaigned as a peace candidate but intended war, if we were involved in misguided imperialism, if the American people were being mislead, and how the U.S. should proceed. Note: part of the open of the program was not recorded.
Topics: Radio programs; Vietnam
ID: NC0044

The Christian Church's Betrayal of the Black Man - Night Call
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Date:1968-07-16
Length: 58:49 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; James Baldwin, (Guest)
James Arthur Baldwin (1924-1987) was an African American novelist, essayist, playwright, poet, and social critic. One week before this program, he spoke to the World Council Of Churches in Uppsala, Sweden, telling them the Christian Church had betrayed the Black man by identifying with racist institutions in society, and has lost touch with Christian principles. He asked them whether "there is left in Christian civilization the moral energy, the spiritual daring, to atone, to repent, to be born again". Here, he continues to challenge the Christian church, which he feels has broken with Christ. Callers ask if God leaves Black people in misery, why Catholics need to be lumped in with Protestants, who can help Whites and Blacks to live together, isn't there just one human race, is the term "Christian" being misused, and what Black people can believe in and depend on. Baldwin says the choice is to live with a bad reality, or for America to address the issue.
Topics: Racism; Radio programs; Religion
ID: NC0045