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The Effect of Vatican Council II on Protestantism in the U.S. - Night Call
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Date:1965-10-22
Length: 53:05
Russ Gibb, (Host) ; Fred P. Corson, (Guest)
Bishop Fred P. Corson
Topics: Radio program; Vatican II
ID: DA-1153

The Homosexual Problem - Night Call
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Date:1969-05-16
Length: 59:09 minutes:seconds
Bill Richards, (Host) ; Charles Socarides, (Guest)
Charles W. Socarides (1922-2005) was an American psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, physician, educator, and author. He focused much of his career on the study of homosexuality, which he believed was an illness accompanied by severe anxiety and depression, that could be treated by psychotherapy. Socarides speaks of "overt, obligatory homosexuality" which he said affected 2.5 to 4 million American men, and probably a similar number of American women. He said male homosexuality typically develops in the first 18-36 months of life, during the "separation / individualization phase" - caused by a controlling mother who prevents her son from separating from her, and a weak or rejecting father who fails to serve as a role model for his son or support his efforts to escape from the mother. In response to a caller questions, he said homosexuals are a persecuted minority, suffering an illness and having no choice. He said he had cured homosexuals, but that homosexuals need to be treated only if they are unhappy with their condition; if they are happy, they have no need for treatment. A caller asked about two male poets in New York City having a sexual relationship; Socarides said there is nothing wrong with that -- it is a way for them to deal with their anxieties and seems to be successful. He didn't believe in gay marriage, but thought legal prohibitions to gay couples should be removed. Asked about concerns over a roommate situation, on gay and one straight, Socarides said there was little chance the gay roommate would try to assert his preferences on the straight roommate. One of Socarides's sons, Richard, is gay, was a policy consultant on LGBT issues for President Bill Clinton, and has been a commentator on CNN and a columnist at the New Yorker. He says his father never tried to cure him.
Topics: Civil rights; Gay rights; Homosexuality; Psychology; Radio programs
ID: NC0128

The Problems of a Black Filmmaker - Night Call
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Date:1968-11-15
Length: 59:10 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Melvin Van Peebles, (Guest)
Melvin Van Peebles (1932-) is an American actor, director, screenwriter, playwright, novelist, and composer. He was the first Black American to direct a feature film: "The Story of a Three-Day Pass." He had just released the film, which he produced in France. He said, as a Black filmmaker, he could not have produced it in the U.S. He appreciated the inroads of Black actors in Hollywood, slow as it was, but said Hollywood was starting to recognize the value of Black actors and directors. He said he wouldn't direct a film about a Black lead character without having the right to approve the final cut -- a more common practice in Europe. He feels Hollywood filmmakers need to use their influence to produce more films that respect Black actors and issues. He insists that much of the way films are produced are decided by White people of influence in the field, and that needs to change.
Topics: African Americans; Motion pictues; Race; Radio programs
ID: NC0124

The Draft is a Bloody Mess - Night Call
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Date:1968-10-02
Length: 57:23 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Daniel Berrigan, (Guest)
Father Daniel Berrigan (1921-2016) was a Jesuit priest, an activist against the Vietnam War, and poet. At the time of this program, he was the assistant director of the Cornell University United Religious Work, the umbrella organization for all religious groups on campus. Daniel Berrigan and his brother Philip, along with seven other Catholic protesters, used homemade napalm to destroy 378 draft files in the parking lot of the Catonsville, Maryland, draft board on May 17, 1968. Berrigan was arrested and, in a trial following this program, was sentenced to three years in prison. He was released in 1972. Discussions in this program dealt with Berrigan's concern over the draft and the war, and whether it is right to act illegally to oppose the draft. Berrigan also spoke of his visit to Hanoi, in North Vietnam. Because of phone line problems, Berrigan wasn't on the line for the first 11 minutes and the volume of his phone line remained low.
Topics: Military draft; Radio programs; Vietnam
ID: NC0092

Music and Non-Violence - Night Call
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Date:1968-10-01
Length: 56:08 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Joan Baez, (Guest)
Despite the title of this program, music was hardly mentioned. Folk singer and non-violent protester, Joan Baez (1941-) was on the phone from Carmel Valley, California. She is an American folk singer, songwriter, musician, and activist whose contemporary folk music often includes songs of protest or social justice. Her concerts at the time promoted peaceful opposition to the draft. Her autobiography, "Daybreak," released in 1966, detailed her anti-war position, dedicating the book to men facing imprisonment for resisting the draft. In 1964, she founded the Institute for the Study of Non-violence in Carmel, California. Asked why she used free speech to criticize a country that allows free speech, she spoke of the high percentage of tax money going to war, the high percentage of people in the world in poverty, and the fact that free speech often ends in a jail sentence. She said she was withholding some of her income tax as a protest against its use to purchase weapons, and that the government eventually takes the money, plus fines, from her bank account - so she paid, but not voluntarily.
Topics: Protest music; Radio programs; Social justice; Vietnam
ID: NC0091

The Southern Committee on Political Ethics - Night Call
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Date:1968-09-30
Length: 58:13 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Brooks Hays, Tom Radney, (Guest)
Lawrence Brooks Hays (1898-1981) was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from the State of Arkansas and a former President of the Southern Baptist Convention. After losing his congressional seat, Hays became a professor of political science at Rutgers University and a visiting professor of government at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He served as director of the Ecumenical Institute at Wake Forest University from 1968-1970. On this radio program, he spoke as head of the Southern Committee on Political Ethics, an organization partially inspired by opposition to Governor George Wallace. The organization worked for voter education and against racism. The second guest is John Tomas Radney (1932-2011) - a lawyer and Democratic State Senator from Alabama. He resigned from the state office because of threats to his family when he would not back George Wallace at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. He later returned to politics. The hope of both guests and callers was that voters rights would improve and politics would tilt toward equality.
Topics: Civil rights; Radio programs
ID: NC0090

Dropping Out of The American Dream - Night Call
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Date:1968-09-27
Length: 59:04 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Malcolm Boyd, (Guest)
The Rev. Malcolm Boyd (1923-2015) was an Episcopal priest, and at the time of this program, a resident fellow at Yale University. He says many American youth are taking life pretty seriously, not heavily involved with drugs and alcohol - not dropping out of the American Dream, but with each person having their own dream, especially during the nightmare of the ongoing Vietnam war. In the 1960s, Boyd was an activist clergyman and a best-selling author. He had recently written "Are You Running with Me, Jesus?" He was involved in opposition to the Vietnam War, the struggle for social, income, and marriage equality, and the Civil Rights Movement. Boyd eventually wrote more than 30 books. Late in life, he became a spokesman for gay rights. In 2015, he was the focus of a feature-length film portrait. "Disturber of the Peace." Note: The audio drop-outs of Boyd's phone line in the second half of the program are in the original recording.
Topics: Life styles; Radio programs; Youth culture
ID: NC0089

What Does the Socialist Labor Party Want? - Night Call
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Date:1968-09-26
Length: 55:51 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Henning Blomen, (Guest)
Henning A. Blomen (1910-1993) was the Socialist Labor Party candidate for U.S. President in 1968. He had run for Vice-president in 1964. Blomen was also an unsuccessful candidate for Governor of Massachusetts fourteen times. According to his obituary in the Boston Globe, he advocated a bloodless revolution, abolishment of capitalism, and the establishment of a socialist industrial republic. He says the Socialist Labor Party is primarily an educational tool, but also wants to win offices and turn power over to the workers of the U.S. Under their system,the rank-and-file would operate both government and industry. Blomen was opposed to both communism and capitalism. He worked as a machine assembler for a coffee importer and later at a chemical plant in Cambridge, MA.
Topics: Labor unions; Politics; Radio programs.; Socialism
ID: NC0088

The Poor Pay More - Night Call
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Date:1968-10-08
Length: 59:20 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Betty Furness, (Guest)
Elizabeth Mary Furness (1916-1994) was an American actress, consumer advocate, and current affairs commentator. At the time of this interview, she was the President's Special Advisor on Consumer Affairs, appointed by Lyndon Johnson. She agrees the poor were paying more for the same goods and wanted to change that reality. She also played a part in passing the new "Truth in Lending Law," and wanted to get consumer education into the public schools. Discussion included the high price of food in ghetto areas. A women suggested women are discriminated against in consumer issues, and Furness was surprised. From 1969 until 1993 Furness served as a board member for Consumers Union, publisher of Consumer Reports. In 1970, she was appointed by Nelson Rockefeller to serve as the first chairman and executive director of the New York State Consumer Protection Board, and served in the position until July 1971 before returning to television. In 1973, she also headed the New York City Department of Consumer Affairs. Furness has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her contribution to motion pictures and to television.
Topics: Civil rights; Consumer issues; Consumer rights; Radio programs
ID: NC0096

The Mideast: The Arabs Live There, Too - Night Call
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Date:1968-10-09
Length: 57:33 minutes:seconds
Del Shields, (Host) ; Alfred Lilienthal, Del Shields (host), (Guest)
Alfred M. Lilienthal (1915-2008) was an American Jew and a prominent critic of Zionism and the state of Israel. He had served in the U.S. Army in the Middle East (1943-1945). While based in Egypt, Lilienthal made his first visit to the Holy Land, and was struck by the multi-racial composition of Jerusalem's citizens at that time. He thought it was wrong for the U.S. to arm Israel and to support a Zionist approach to the Mideast. He also felt U.S. politics unwisely sided solely with Israel for political reasons. This discussion focuses on on his views and includes discussion of the Six-Day War, also known as the Arab-Israeli war in 1967. It also covers various aspects of the other history of Israel since 1947. The first of Dr. Lilienthal's books on Zionism and the Palestinian question was "What Price Israel?" in 1953, followed by "There Goes the Middle East" (1957), "The Other Side of the Coin" (1965), "The Zionist Connection: What Price Peace?" (1978), and "The Zionist Connection II: What Price Peace?" (1982). He was a lecturer, TV and Radio commentator, author of magazine articles, and a columnist.
Topics:
ID: NC0097